There will be two short plenary sessions, each consisting of 2 presentations.
1A. TUESDAY MAY 28 from 11:15 to 12:30:
How to lead fundamental materials research to innovation
Hiroshi Amano (Nobel Laureate in Physics 2014)
Director, Center for Integrated Research of Future Electronics (CIRFE),
|In the case of GaN-based blue LEDs, it took 30 years from the first fundamental success to reach a market size of over 1 trillion Japanese yen. However, investigators cannot wait 30 years, and they claim that innovation should be achieved within 10 years. Therefore, in this presentation, I would like to discuss how to lead fundamental materials research to innovation within 10 years.
As an example of a new innovation, I would like to explain how to establish a sustainable and smart society through the “Internet of Energy”, which will provide a connection to a power source at any time and any place. The meaning of this phrase is simple. Because of a ubiquitous energy transmission system, you never need to worry about a shortage of electric power.
One of the most important items for establishing a sustainable society is electric vehicles, socalled EVs. EVs have the problem of a short range owing to the insufficient capacity of the battery. The long charging time for EVs is also a problem. To solve these problems, we are trying to establish a new wireless electricity transmission system using GaN-based power devices. If an EV can be charged with electricity while driving, EV will become like trams, but with more freedom as they can be driven anywhere. In TV programs, images of beautiful scenery taken from flying drones are becoming increasingly common. Drones have the same problem as EVs, that is, a short range on a single charge. If drones can be charged while flying, we can expect drones to fly all day, increasing their applicability to, for example, the inspection of old bridges, roads, and buildings. In the case of catastrophic emergencies, drones can play a key role in carrying emergency items to victims. We will no longer need to worry about electricity shortages not only for EVs and drones, but also for any electronic system. We can connect electronic systems at any time and any place, thus achieving an “Internet of Energy”.
To realize such a future wireless electricity grid, we should try to seamlessly connect research, development and commercialization from upstream to downstream. In our university, we have established a new research consortium connecting all the stages from fundamental science to commercialization. Up to now, 47 private companies, 20 universities, and three national research institutes have joined and are starting to collaborate toward the practical realization of a wireless electricity transmission system. We are also starting a new program for graduate students called the DII program. As part of this program, three different specialists, a deployer, an innovator and an investigator form a team to respond to social crises such as climate change.
The Japanese government has targeted an 80% cut in greenhouse gas emission by 2050 from the current level. To realize this challenging goal, we need pioneers who can lead research, development and commercialization. We believe that our program will foster a large number of future leaders who will help establish a sustainable, smart, secure and safe society
1B. 2019 EU-40 Materials Prize winner.
2. THURSDAY MAY 30 from 11:15 to 12:30
A. Klaus von Klitzing (Nobel Laureate in Physics 1985);
B. 2018 MRS Mid-Career Award winner.